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Installing Object Storage (Swift)

You can provide cloud-based object storage for archival backups, content delivery networks (CDN), and more scalable, high-availability, high-performing storage use cases. Here's how to install it.

Pre-requisites for Swift

Object Storage (Swift) is intended to run on commodity hardware, meaning any computers that run Linux or Windows typically will do. Generally we do not recommend RAID due to performance degradation since it doesn't match Swift's design well.

You can install Swift with an all-in-one virtual machine by following instructions here: http://swift.openstack.org/development_saio.html.

Installing Swift (packaged release)

Step 1: Downloading the Swift packaged software

Download the released package at http://launchpad.net/swift/1.1/1.1.0-rc/+download/swift-1.1.0-rc1.tar.gz.

Extract the file to the server where you want to install and run Swift. For a multi-server installation you can copy the files where you need them.

tar xvzf swift-1.1.0-rc1.tar.gz

Step 2: Compile the code Switch to the directory where you extracted the Swift code and then run this python install command.

sudo python setup.py install

Step 3: Generate the ring files, add devices to the ring, and rebalance

You use the swift-ring-builder command line tool to build the ring. Here are scripts to ready Swift for action.



swift-init all stop
sleep 5
sudo umount /mnt/sdb1
sudo mkfs.xfs -f -i size=1024 /dev/sdb1
sudo mount /mnt/sdb1
sudo mkdir /mnt/sdb1/1 /mnt/sdb1/2 /mnt/sdb1/3 /mnt/sdb1/4 /mnt/sdb1/test
sudo chown <your-user-name>:<your-group-name> /mnt/sdb1/*
mkdir -p /srv/1/node/sdb1 /srv/2/node/sdb2 /srv/3/node/sdb3 /srv/4/node/sdb4
sudo rm -f /var/log/debug /var/log/messages /var/log/rsyncd.log /var/log/syslog
sudo service rsyslog restart
sudo service memcached restart



cd /etc/swift

rm -f *.builder *.ring.gz backups/*.builder backups/*.ring.gz

swift-ring-builder object.builder create 18 3 1
swift-ring-builder object.builder add z1- 1
swift-ring-builder object.builder add z2- 1
swift-ring-builder object.builder add z3- 1
swift-ring-builder object.builder add z4- 1
swift-ring-builder object.builder rebalance
swift-ring-builder container.builder create 18 3 1
swift-ring-builder container.builder add z1- 1
swift-ring-builder container.builder add z2- 1
swift-ring-builder container.builder add z3- 1
swift-ring-builder container.builder add z4- 1
swift-ring-builder container.builder rebalance
swift-ring-builder account.builder create 18 3 1
swift-ring-builder account.builder add z1- 1
swift-ring-builder account.builder add z2- 1
swift-ring-builder account.builder add z3- 1
swift-ring-builder account.builder add z4- 1
swift-ring-builder account.builder rebalance


swift-init auth-server start
swift-init proxy-server start
swift-init account-server start
swift-init container-server start
swift-init object-server start



# Replace devauth with whatever your super_admin key is (recorded in
# /etc/swift/auth-server.conf).
swift-auth-recreate-accounts -K devauth
swift-init object-updater start
swift-init container-updater start
swift-init object-replicator start
swift-init container-replicator start
swift-init account-replicator start
swift-init object-auditor start
swift-init container-auditor start
swift-init account-auditor start
swift-init account-reaper start

Step 4: Create configuration files for each server

{{:ConfigureSwift, , from="## Swift Config snippet"}}

Step 4: Start Swift

  1. Create a startup script, such as:
swift-init auth-server start
swift-init proxy-server start
swift-init account-server start
swift-init container-server start
swift-init object-server start
  1. Give execute permissions for the files in /bin.