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- Cathy Zhang (Project Lead)
- Louis Fourie
- Paul Carver
- Vikram Choudhary
- Mohan Kumar
- Bernard Cafarelli
- Pavel Glushchak
- Rao Fei
- Xiaodong Wang
- Ramanjaneya Reddy Palleti
- Stephen Wong
- Igor Duarte Cardoso
- Akihiro Motoki
- Swaminathan Vasudevan
- Armando Migliaccio
- Kyle Mestery
- Murali Birru
Weekly IRC Project Meeting Information
Every Thursday 1700 UTC on #openstack-meeting-4 https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/Meetings/ServiceFunctionChainingMeeting
networking-sfc IRC Channel
There is also the #networking-sfc SFC IRC channel
Service Function Chaining is a mechanism for overriding the basic destination based forwarding that is typical of IP networks. It is conceptually related to Policy Based Routing in physical networks but it is typically thought of as a Software Defined Networking technology. It is often used in conjunction with security functions although it may be used for a broader range of features. Fundamentally SFC is the ability to cause network packet flows to route through a network via a path other than the one that would be chosen by routing table lookups on the packet's destination IP address. It is most commonly used in conjunction with Network Function Virtualization when recreating in a virtual environment a series of network functions that would have traditionally been implemented as a collection of physical network devices connected in series by cables.
A very simple example of a service chain would be one that forces all traffic from point A to point B to go through a firewall even though the firewall is not literally between point A and B from a routing table perspective.
A more complex example is an ordered series of functions, each implemented in multiple VMs, such that traffic must flow through one VM at each hop in the chain but the network uses a hashing algorithm to distribute different flows across multiple VMs at each hop.
An API and initial reference implementation of Service Function Chaining is being developed for Neutron during the Liberty cycle.
- The API specification may be found here: https://github.com/openstack/networking-sfc/blob/master/doc/source/api.rst
- The Blueprint for the overall effort may be found here:https://blueprints.launchpad.net/neutron/+spec/openstack-service-chain-framework
- The Blueprint for the initial API work may be found here: https://blueprints.launchpad.net/neutron/+spec/neutron-api-extension-for-service-chaining
- The reviews related to the initial API work may be found here: https://review.openstack.org/#/q/topic:networking-sfc,n,z
Single Host networking-sfc installation steps and testbed setup
If you have previous networking-sfc patches installed on your testbed, then do the following to get the new updated patch code set
1. Clean up networking-sfc
- cd /opt/stack
- rm –rf networking-sfc
2. clone networking-sfc into local repository
3. cd /opt/stack/networking-sfc and run "sudo python setup.py install"
4. cd ~/devstack/ and run unstack.sh and stack.sh
If you have not installed networking-sfc on your testbed before, then do the following to get the patch code set
1. install Ubuntu 14.04 ang git
- sudo apt-get update
- sudo apt-get install git-core
- git config --global user.name "testuser"
- git config --global user.email "email@example.com"
- sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
- sudo add-apt-repository cloud-archive:mitaka
2. upgrade Linux kernel and Open vSwitch 2.5.0
- sudo apt-get install linux-image-generic-lts-wily linux-headers-generic-lts-wily
- sudo reboot (reboot server to make sure new kernel is installed)
- apt-cache policy openvswitch-switch ( make sure Candidate is 2.5.0-0ubuntu1~cloud0)
- sudo apt-get install openvswitch-switch
- sudo ovs-vsctl -V (make sure you have Open vSwitch 2.5.0 installed)
3. clone networking-sfc into local repository
- sudo mkdir /opt/stack
- sudo chown stack.stack /opt/stack
- cd /opt/stack/
- git clone git://git.openstack.org/openstack/networking-sfc.git
4. download devstack
- cd /opt/stack
- git clone git://git.openstack.org/openstack-dev/devstack.git -b stable/mitaka
5. copy local.conf to local repository and add the following line:
- enable_plugin networking-sfc git://git.openstack.org/openstack/networking-sfc stable/mitaka
- enable_plugin networking-sfc /opt/stack/networking-sfc
6. run stack.sh
- cd devstack
If it reports some errors, read the error messages and try to fix it.
7. Install OVS 2.4 or OVS 2.5. Note that the OVS version should match its supported Linux kernel version in order for the OVS to work properly. The following table lists the Linux kernel versions against which the given versions of the Open vSwitch kernel module will successfully build.
|Open vSwitch||LInux Kernel|
|2.0.x||2.6.32 to 3.10|
|2.1.x||2.6.32 to 3.11|
|2.3.x||2.6.32 to 3.14|
|2.4.x||2.6.32 to 4.0|
|2.5.x||3.1 and up|
8. run unstack.sh and stack.sh
In our one-server testbed, all OpenStack components run on one physical server. We created 3 VMs, one for source VM, another for Service Function VM, the last one for destination VM.
Data Path Encapsulation Flow
The initial reference implementation will be based on programming Open vSwitch with flow table entries that override the default MAC based forwarding and instead forward frames based on criteria defined via the Neutron SFC API. It will also be possible for third party SDN implementations with Neutron integration and SFC capabilities (e.g. Contrail, Nuage, etc) to program their respective forwarding planes based on the Neutron SFC API, but this will be dependent upon the respective vendors updating their SDN Controller integration with Neutron.
- H1 – Physical Host1 (Controller + Network + Compute)
- H2 – Physical Host 2 (Compute)
- H3 – Physical Host 3 (Compute)
- SRC – Source VM
- SF1 – Service Function 1
- SF2 – Service Function 2
- DST – Destination VM
SRC DST | | H1=============H2===============H3 | | SF1 SF2
Important Note: Currently, with OVS 2.4.0, the kernel module is dropping MPLS over tunnel packets hitting the flood entry. This can be worked around by enabling l2population. Please see steps below for detailed setup instructions.
Step1: Prepare H1 (Controller + Network + Compute)
local.conf for H1: localrc
SERVICE_TOKEN=abc123 ADMIN_PASSWORD=abc123 MYSQL_PASSWORD=abc123 RABBIT_PASSWORD=abc123 SERVICE_PASSWORD=$ADMIN_PASSWORD HOST_IP=10.145.90.160 SERVICE_HOST=10.145.90.160 SYSLOG=True SYSLOG_HOST=$HOST_IP SYSLOG_PORT=516 LOGFILE=$DEST/logs/stack.sh.log LOGDAYS=2 disable_service tempest RECLONE=no PIP_UPGRADE=False MULTI_HOST=TRUE # Disable Nova Networking disable_service n-net # Disable Nova Compute #disable_service n-cpu # Neutron - Networking Service enable_service q-svc enable_service q-agt enable_service q-dhcp enable_service q-l3 enable_service q-meta enable_service neutron # Cinder disable_service c-api disable_service c-sch disable_service c-vol # Disable security groups Q_USE_SECGROUP=False LIBVIRT_FIREWALL_DRIVER=nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver enable_plugin networking-sfc /opt/stack/networking-sfc
Step 1.2: ./stack.sh from your /opt/stack/devstack
Step 1.3: Once devstack finishes, overwrite the key neutron configuration files manually. I do it this way. I am sure there is a way to do this using configurations directly in the local.conf file. I modify the following files manually /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini /etc/neutron/l3_agent.ini /etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini /etc/neutron/dnsmasq-neutron.conf
[ml2] tenant_network_types = vxlan extension_drivers = port_security type_drivers = local,flat,vlan,gre,vxlan mechanism_drivers = openvswitch,linuxbridge,l2population [ml2_type_flat] flat_networks=public [ml2_type_vxlan] vni_ranges = 8192:100000 [securitygroup] enable_security_group = False enable_ipset = False firewall_driver = neutron.agent.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver [agent] tunnel_types = vxlan l2_population = True arp_responder = True root_helper_daemon = sudo /usr/local/bin/neutron-rootwrap-daemon /etc/neutron/rootwrap.conf root_helper = sudo /usr/local/bin/neutron-rootwrap /etc/neutron/rootwrap.conf [ovs] datapath_type = system tunnel_bridge = br-tun bridge_mappings = public:br-ex local_ip = 192.168.2.160
[DEFAULT] l3_agent_manager = neutron.agent.l3_agent.L3NATAgentWithStateReport external_network_bridge = br-ex interface_driver = neutron.agent.linux.interface.OVSInterfaceDriver ovs_use_veth = False use_namespaces = True debug = True verbose = True [AGENT] root_helper_daemon = sudo /usr/local/bin/neutron-rootwrap-daemon /etc/neutron/rootwrap.conf root_helper = sudo /usr/local/bin/neutron-rootwrap /etc/neutron/rootwrap.conf
[DEFAULT] dhcp_agent_manager = neutron.agent.dhcp_agent.DhcpAgentWithStateReport interface_driver = neutron.agent.linux.interface.OVSInterfaceDriver ovs_use_veth = False use_namespaces = True debug = True verbose = True dnsmasq_config_file = /etc/neutron/dnsmasq-neutron.conf [AGENT] root_helper_daemon = sudo /usr/local/bin/neutron-rootwrap-daemon /etc/neutron/rootwrap.conf root_helper = sudo /usr/local/bin/neutron-rootwrap /etc/neutron/rootwrap.conf
Step 1.4: After modifying the above files, restart the following services q-svc, q-agt,q-dhcp,q-l3
Your Host1 (controller+network+compute) is now ready for multi-node operation
Step2: Prepare H2 (Compute)
local.conf for H2
SERVICE_TOKEN=cisco123123 ADMIN_PASSWORD=cisco123123 MYSQL_PASSWORD=cisco123123 RABBIT_PASSWORD=cisco123123 DATABASE_PASSWORD=cisco123123 SERVICE_PASSWORD=$ADMIN_PASSWORD DATABASE_TYPE=mysql HOST_IP=10.145.90.166 SERVICE_HOST=10.145.90.160 SYSLOG=True SYSLOG_HOST=$HOST_IP SYSLOG_PORT=516 MYSQL_HOST=$SERVICE_HOST RABBIT_HOST=$SERVICE_HOST Q_HOST=$SERVICE_HOST GLANCE_HOSTPORT=$SERVICE_HOST:9292 NOVA_VNC_ENABLED=True NOVNCPROXY_URL="http://$SERVICE_HOST:6080/vnc_auto.html" VNCSERVER_LISTEN=$HOST_IP VNCSERVER_PROXYCLIENT_ADDRESS=$VNCSERVER_LISTEN LOGFILE=$DEST/logs/stack.sh.log LOGDAYS=2 disable_service tempest RECLONE=no PIP_UPGRADE=False MULTI_HOST=TRUE # Disable Nova Networking disable_service n-net disable_service neutron # Neutron - Networking Service ENABLED_SERVICES=n-cpu,q-agt # Disable security groups Q_USE_SECGROUP=False LIBVIRT_FIREWALL_DRIVER=nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver enable_plugin networking-sfc /opt/stack/networking-sfc
Step 2.2: ./stack.sh from your /opt/stack/devstack
Step 2.3: Overwrite the /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini as follows
[ml2] tenant_network_types = vxlan extension_drivers = port_security type_drivers = local,flat,vlan,gre,vxlan mechanism_drivers = openvswitch,linuxbridge,l2population [ml2_type_vxlan] vni_ranges = 8192:100000 [securitygroup] enable_security_group = True enable_ipset = False #firewall_driver = neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.OVSHybridIptablesFirewallDriver firewall_driver = neutron.agent.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver [agent] tunnel_types = vxlan root_helper_daemon = sudo /usr/local/bin/neutron-rootwrap-daemon /etc/neutron/rootwrap.conf root_helper = sudo /usr/local/bin/neutron-rootwrap /etc/neutron/rootwrap.conf l2_population = True arp_responder = True [ovs] datapath_type = system tunnel_bridge = br-tun local_ip = 192.168.2.166
Step 2.4: After modifying the above file, restart the q-agt service.
Step3: Prepare H3 (Compute) similar to H2
Step4: Your 3-node multi-host setup is now ready to be configured for service chaining.