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Using Configuration as a Short-Term Mitigation for OSSA-2023-003


An unauthorized access to a volume could occur when an iSCSI or FC connection from a host is severed due to a volume being unmapped on the storage system and the device is later reused for another volume on the same host.

Affected Services / Software

  • cinder: <20.2.1, >=21.0.0 <21.2.1, ==22.0.0
  • glance_store: <3.0.1, >=4.0.0 <4.1.1, >=4.2.0 <4.3.1
  • nova: <25.1.2, >=26.0.0 <26.1.2, ==27.0.0
  • os-brick: <5.2.3, >=6.0.0 <6.1.1, >=6.2.0 <6.2.2


It is recommended to apply the fixes provided in OSSA-2023-003 https://security.openstack.org/ossa/OSSA-2023-003.html but updating an OpenStack deployment may take a long time requiring a proper maintenance window and may even require a validation process of the release prior to the deployment, so operators may prefer applying tactical configuration changes to their cloud to prevent harmful actions while they go through their standarized process.

In this case the fastest way to prevent an unsafe attach deletion is twofold:

  1. ensuring that Nova uses a user with a service role to send its token on all the requests made to Cinder on behalf of users, and
  2. Cinder protects the vulnerable APIs via policy.

Recommended Actions

If the deployment has Glance using Cinder as a backend, in order to use this alternative short-term mitigation, Glance must be configured to use a single user having the service role for all its requests to Cinder. If your deployment is *not* using a single user (that is, instead of all the image-volumes being stored in a single project, they are stored in each user's project), then you cannot use this Short-Term Mitigation strategy, but must instead apply the full change described in the previous section.

Steps for Mitigation

A. Ensure the users used by Nova (and Glance, if applicable) have the service role

  • In Nova, this is the user configured in the [service_user] section of nova.conf
  • In Glance, this user will only be defined if you are using Cinder as a Glance storage backend. It is defined in the [cinder] section of glance.conf

(if you do not use Cinder as a backend for Glance, you do not need to define a service user for Glance)

B. Configure Nova to send the service token https://docs.openstack.org/cinder/latest/configuration/block-storage/service-token.html

  • Glance does not have the ability to send a service token to Cinder; instead, the mitigation-by-policy strategy described below relies upon the user configured in glance in the [cinder]/cinder_store_user_name option in glance.conf having been granted the service role in Keystone

C. Configure the cinder policies as per https://docs.openstack.org/cinder/latest/configuration/block-storage/policy-config-HOWTO.html to have the following:

   "is_service": "role:service or service_user_id:<nova_service_uuid>"
   "volume:attachment_delete": "rule:xena_system_admin_or_project_member and rule:is_service"
   "volume_extension:volume_actions:terminate_connection": "rule:xena_system_admin_or_project_member and rule:is_service"
   "volume_extension:volume_actions:detach": "rule:xena_system_admin_or_project_member and rule:is_service"
   "volume_extension:volume_admin_actions:force_detach": "!"


  • The operator should replace "<nova_service_uuid>" with the actual UUID of the user configured in the [service_user] section of nova.conf
  • If the role name in Keystone to identify a service is not "service"' then the operator should also replace "role:service" accordingly and also make appropriate adjustment to the [keystone_authtoken]/service_token_roles setting in your cinder configuration file.
  • It may not be obvious why there are four policy targets defined. It's because the Block Storage API v3 provides four different API calls by which an attachment-delete may be accomplished:
    • DELETE /v3/attachments/{attachment_id} (introduced in microversion 3.27, the preferred way to do this)
    • POST /v3/volumes/{volume_id} with 'os-detach' action in the request body
    • POST /v3/volumes/{volume_id} with 'os-terminate_connection' action in the request body
    • POST /v3/volumes/{volume_id} with 'os-force_detach' action in the request body


The drawback to this configuration-only approach is that while it protects against the intentional case described earlier, it does not protect against the accidental case. Additionally, it is not fine-grained enough to distinguish acceptable end-user Block Storage API attachment-delete requests from unsafe ones (the Cinder code change is required for that). For these reasons, we emphasize that this is only a short-term mitigation, and we recommend that the full fix be applied as soon as possible in your deployment.


Note that if you deploy this short-term mitigation, you should roll back the policy changes after the full fix is applied, or end users will continue to be unable to make acceptable attachment-delete requests.


  • Jan Wasilewski, Atman
  • Gorka Eguileor, Red Hat



  • Brian Rosmaita, Red Hat
  • Dan Smith, Red Hat
  • Gorka Eguileor, Red Hat
  • Jeremy Stanley, OpenInfra Foundation
  • Nick Tait, Red Hat

This OSSN: https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/OSSN/OSSN-0092#Discussion

Original Launchpad bug: https://launchpad.net/bugs/2004555

Mailing List : [security-sig] tag on openstack-discuss@lists.openstack.org

OpenStack Security Project : https://launchpad.net/~openstack-ossg

CVE: CVE-2023-2088