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Distributed Router for OVS


VDR(Virtual Distributed Router) is going to provide an option for user, to creat distributed routers, which allow one-hop forwarding for east-west traffic in virtualized networks. This will dramatically increase the total bandwidth, and also bring other advantages.

Brief Introduction

  • The goal of this blueprint is to implement distributed router in openvswitch plugin. Openvswitch plugin is the most popular plugin nowadays. However, lots of people found that under heavy east-west traffic, current l3-agent router becomes the bottle neck. As shown in the figure below:

Current Router becomes a Bottle-neck

  • With the help of distributed router in ovs plugin, it's not necessary for east-west traffic to traverse network node to get routing decision anymore. Instead, those traffic will be delivered directly from the source hypervisor to the destination hypervisor. As shown below:

VDR avoid Bottle-neck

  • The test result of our POC shows distinct performance imporvement on several aspects. Advantages we can get:
    • 1. East-west total throughput will increase distinctly when more hypervisors are involved.
    • 2. Under high concurrency of east-west traffic, on average, each VM will obtain a better bandwidth.
    • 3. North-south and east-west traffic don't impact each other anymore. North-south traffic enjoys all the bandwidth of router exclusively.
    • 4. No more unnecessary circuitous path, when east-west session happens between two VMs on the same hypervisor.

Performance Comparison

Here is a comparison between original OpenStack and a OpenStack with distributed router.

  • For original implementation, even there are more hypervisor involve in the communication, max total bandwidth is the same.

While for VDR, total bandwidth is not a static number, under high concurrency, the more hyperviosrs involve in, the more East-West bandwidth we can get.

Total East-West Bandwidth Comparison

  • Under high concurrency, since there's a static max bandwidth for original router, each VM only obtains a very small piece. If there're 20 VMs are communicating, and 10 pairs of hypervisors are involved, then each pair get less than 100Mb bandwidth on average.(under GE environment).

By introducing VDR, each pair of hypervisor always get a stable bandwidth, which equals the max capability of the physical link between them. Total East-West Bandwidth Comparison

  • For original router, both East-West traffic and North-South traffic goes to the server on which l3-agent resides. There would be a competition for them. The total bandwidth of these two kind of traffic, equals the max capability of routing server. They influence each other.

Total East-West Bandwidth Comparison

  • After using VDR, all the bandwidth of routing server is always used by North-South traffic. Even better, East-West bandwidth could be higher than max bandwidth of routing server.

Total East-West Bandwidth Comparison


Blueprint Page

Icehouse Summit Proposal